National Popular Vote Legislation
The League advocates for the National Popular Vote (NPV) as the most practical way to guarantee that the candidate who wins the popular vote nationwide becomes president.
NPV makes every vote count and every vote equal because the majority of Americans determine who becomes president. The U.S. Constitution gives state legislatures control over their elections, including the presidential election. Thus, states may allocate their electoral votes as they wish. The Constitution also gives states the right to enter into interstate compacts.
The National Popular Vote interstate compact (NPVIC) would not take effect until enacted by states possessing a majority of the electoral votes—that is, enough to elect a President (270 of 538). Under the compact, the national popular vote winner would be the candidate who received the most popular votes from all 50 states (and the District of Columbia) on Election Day. When the Electoral College meets in mid-December, the national popular vote winner would receive all of the electoral votes of the enacting states.
Additionally, NPVIC would ensure that the issues important to all states and their voters are heard. Today, the President is chosen by electors in a dozen swing states, representing less than a third of all Americans. Thus, Presidential campaigns focus solely on those states and seldom visit or pay attention to the 38 flyover states.
NPVIC moves us closer to one person/one vote and ensures that every voter in every state is relevant in every presidential election—making every vote count.
To date, 12 states and the District of Columbia have jointly committed their 172 electors to NPV, and legislation is being considered in several more states. In New Mexico the House passed the NPV bill in 2009 and the Senate passed it in 2017. The legislature will consider it again this session.